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Guest Post: Emergency Preparedness: Better Practices in the Utilization of Technology

There are many natural calamities which affect some specific countries. For example, in the U.S, it is common to hear about natural calamities like storms, floods, heavy snowfall, landslides and volcanic erosions. It is important to have a proper emergency preparedness plan to face all these disasters. Due to technological advancement and growth, we can prepare ourselves for emergencies by utilizing data generated by different technologies.

Here are some technologies that are useful in establishing better emergency preparedness:

Remote Sensing

Detecting a disaster requires in-depth analysis. So it is necessary to have continuous observation in all areas. Airborne observation systems are used for this purpose. This technology gathers continuous data by sensing changes in the air. Using this technology, proper planning can be done to safeguard people during disasters.

A cyclone is another violent natural calamity that can completely demolish a city or a town. These cyclones are detected by satellite monitoring, airborne surveillance and radar, and information is collected to help people take the appropriate measures when they occur. Meteorological satellites move over the ocean and detect cyclones.

Rain can also become one of the natural contingencies when it occurs as very heavy downpours. A weather radar or radar rain gauge is the tool that measures rainfall using radar. The approximate value of radar is the electric power from the rain drops in a certain volume of air.

Drought affects a large part of the world each year. Remote sensing is one of the effective tools that sense disasters in the drought-affected areas.

Floods can be sensed through satellite sensors which estimate the snow cover, water elevation, rain rate, soil moisture, solar radiation, surface albedo, land cover, flood monitoring and surface temperature over a vast area.

Global Information System (GIS)

GIS is a tool that is used to generate data regarding upcoming disasters around a vast area and can be combined with remote sensing data. GIS helps in the preparation of a risk map according to the type of disaster which supports the migration process. The damages that may occur can be estimated through the GIS data. When a risk is identified, then emergency preparedness can be done easily.

Disaster Information System

A disaster information system is made up of various components like satellites, GIS, Remote Sensing, databases, the Internet etc. This technology is used to observe the complete scenario of the disaster and find out why and how it happens. When such findings are possible, damages can be minimized and a proper plan can be made in advance.

Cloud Based Services

Cloud based services are provided by many emergency preparedness plan providers. All the information you enter will be stored in the Cloud server directly. So you can access all the information at any time from the server. This is a perfect emergency tool which helps you when you are separated from your family or lost in an unknown place.

There are many new technological innovations which can be used to detect and analyze various emergencies. These technologies are easy to use, affordable and are being upgraded regularly. But we cannot rely entirely on these technologies as it is not possible to obtain absolute data from them. Nevertheless, they help in reducing the damage to property and life to a large extent when disasters occur.

 Author Bio:

Clangistics.com uses a cloud based system to make sure that you and your loved ones have a means to communicate important, oftentimes vital information in the event that the worst may occur.

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